4000 Level Courses

AP/SOCI 4000 6.00 Honours Thesis
The Honours Thesis course provides an opportunity for students to carry out a piece of independent research and to write a thesis under the supervision of a faculty member. The process begins with a research issue and related questions, sets the issue(s) and question(s) writing a theoretical context, proposes a methodology, involves data collection, with the final step being data analysis and explanation as related to the theoretical context suggested and ultimately the conclusion. The thesis is only required for Sociology Specialized Honours Students. Other Sociology majors in the Honours program, who meet the prerequisites may enrol in this course to fulfill their upper-level (4000 level) requirements.  Prerequisite*:  Students must have a minimum cumulative major GPA of 6.0.  *The prerequisite is effective for students who started in the Specialized Honours BA program in FW19-20 or later.

AP/SOCI 4010 6.00 Strategies of Social Research
This course continues the exploration of various modes of empirical research. It studies the relationship between theory and research, and the applicability of the results of empirical research in social and political practice.

AP/SOCI 4030 3.00/6.00 Independent Study/Directed Reading
A detailed independent study course involving intensive reading and writing in one or two selected areas may be taken under direction of a faculty member. Students must be accepted by a faculty supervisor before they can register in this course. Students registered in this course are required to submit a major paper of no less than 10,000 words in length, or its equivalent.

AP/SOCI 4045 3.00 Observing the Social World
An in-depth examination of selected qualitative methods in social research. Theoretical implications and practical applications of the methods are also considered. The course will examine historical methods, field and observational methods, ethno-methodology, focused interviewing, ethnographic methods, documentary or textual analysis.

AP/SOCI 4055 6.00 Everyday Life in the Metropolis: Fieldwork Studies in Toronto
This ethnographic course explores various features of urban life in Toronto which characterize the metropolis as it appears to diverse categories of its users (multicultural residents, tourists, practitioners of urban occupations, politicians and planners). Students are required to make observations in Metro Toronto.

AP/SOCI 4060 3.00 The Sociology of Parent/Child Relationships
This course examines the parent-child relationship as interactive process within social structure. This relationship is explored in terms of reciprocity, multiple levels, the dynamic lifespan model, and the mediation role of social and cultural factors such as class and ethnicity.

AP/SOCI 4070 6.00 Sociology of the Body
The course examines a variety of sign systems which code the body's behaviour (e.g. dressing, eating, dieting, fitness) as the vehicle for larger institutions (political, economic, religious) which require the body's inscription and conscription.

AP/SOCI 4072 3.00 Sociology of Human Reproduction
This course seeks to describe and analyze contemporary rapid social change occurring in the knowledge, conduct and regulation of human reproduction, investigating this change across multiple institutional sites such as techno-science, kinship, the health system and social movements.

AP/SOCI 4075 3.00 Sexuality, Social Practices and Modernity
This course places sexuality in the context of societal processes and practices, and critically examines a number of major contemporary social theories concerning sexuality.

AP/SOCI 4100 6.00 Field Placement                                                                                                                                              This course places sociology students in not-for-profit, government, and community organizations in order to gain experience and skills in workplaces that respond to social inequalities. In addition, the students will meet regularly in a seminar setting to reflect upon their experience, and connect it to their sociological training.

AP/SOCI 4110 3.00 Gift and Sacrifice
This course examines gift and sacrifice as symbolic practices through close reading of key social themes as such Mauss, Bataille, Derrida and Strathem. Our goal is to understand the significance of gift and sacrifice in the global north/south today.

AP/SOCI 4120 6.00 Social Organization and Urban Culture
This course examines how urban residents experience and utilize urban environments so as to generate social choices. The ways in which urban planning, architecture and ownership status combine to influence the mix of public and private involvements will be of special interest.

AP/SOCI 4200 6.00 The Sociology of Conflict and Conflict Resolution
This course considers the relationship between conflict and cooperation and explores the causes, characteristics and consequences of both processes at the local, national, and global arenas. It identifies modern and the latest modes of conflicts and conflict resolution, which reflect key changes in nation-state system and global capitalism. The course also examines them through diverse sociological paradigms on violence, justice, and democracy.

AP/SOCI 4210 3.00 Economic Sociology
This course examines the impact of market forces on society and the efforts by society to tame the market. Topics include the origins of capitalism; social resistance to market forces; and changes in social class, gender roles, family organization and race/ethnic relations which accompany economic transformation.

AP/SOCI 4215 3.00 Capitalism, Ideology and Social Theory
The course explores the applicability of sociological theory - classical ad contemporary - to the social issues of modernity particularly, in relation to inequality, exploitation, and democratic rights of subaltern groups and their relationship to elite.

AP/SOCI 4220 3.00 Social Movements: Theory and Practice
Social movements are intrinsic to societies characterized by unequal access to property, political power, and cultural resources. In this course, the relevance of political economy to the study of social movements will be critically reviewed in relation to other approaches.

AP/SOCI 4230 6.00 Cultural Identities
Examines the processes through which cultural identities have formed in Canada, encompassing local to transnational forms of cultural belonging. Building on cultural sociology and related theories of culture, power and agency as well as diaspora and cultural belonging, the course offers a combination of advanced theoretical discussion and in-depth case studies.

AP/SOCI 4300 3.00 Sociology of Health Care Systems
The course examines the theoretical models sociologists employ in analyzing relationships within the health-care system. It shows how the medical and other health professions have developed in Canada within the context of the growth and change of the medicare system, its organization and administration.

AP/SOCI 4310 3.00 Culture, Health and Power
Analyses health as a distinctively modern political value and examines its social and cultural effects.Investigates relations between health and social power by examining cultural representations of health and the social effects of local, national and global health governance. Possible topics include health, fitness and consumer culture (Bourdieu), global health and capital (Hardt and Negri), and biopolitics and genetic medicine (Foucault).

AP/SOCI 4345 3.00/6.00 Family and Intimate Relations
Discussion of major issues in family composition, functioning and relationships such as: authority and decision making; migration and kin support; alternatives to contemporary marriage; separation and divorce; family life education.

AP/SOCI 4350 3.00 Immigration and Citizenship
This course examines emerging patterns of international migration and refugee flows. Particular attention is given to the recent rise of emigration from Asia, the Caribbean and Latin America to North America. These flows are studied from the perspective of global trends in political economy, development and underdevelopment, and social-cultural ties and networks.

AP/SOCI 4360 6.00 Migration Experiences: Theory and Practice
This course examines the relationship between globalization and international migration. Themes include: why migrants leave home countries; immigration policies and practices in receiving countries; trafficking in migrants; migrants in global cities; migrant networks; transnationalism, and; refugee expulsion and return.

AP/SOCI 4370 3.00 Integration of Immigrant Youth in Canada
Analyses transitions from adolescence to emerging adulthood of immigrant youth. Employs a life course perspective to examine selected experiences and concerns encountered by newcomer youth when settling and integrating into life in Canada. Possible topics include health and mental health, educational experiences and attainment, employment experiences and access/use of social services.

AP/SOCI 4390 3.00 Transnationalism and Diaspora
This course introduces theoretical perspectives on transnational migration, focusing on immigrant incorporation, citizenship, the host state, relations with the home state/community and transnationalism. Comparative material from various regions may be used.

AP/SOCI 4400 3.00 Historical Sociology
This course examines a variety of recent studies that cross the boundary of history and sociology, including such topics as historical changes in family, education, women's lives, ethnicity and social class. Both theoretical and empirical materials will be considered.

AP/SOCI 4410 3.00 Sociology of Poverty
The societal and personal causes of poverty are explored. The focus is on the consequences of poverty for society, areas and individuals. Life opportunities, health and stress are considered. Key demographic variables are gender, age, ethnicity and marital/parental status.

AP/SOCI 4420 6.00 Contemporary Social Issues of North American Natives
This course explores contemporary North American aboriginal issues, organizing them in relation to theoretical and substantive areas in sociology, such as the psychology of the self, social movements, environmental sociology and the sociologies of religion, the family and education.

AP/SOCI 4430 3.00 Human Displacement & Refugees:  Global
This course offers a comprehensive sociological assessment of some current issues and research in refugee migration. Primary emphasis is on Canada's refugee policy and responses to it. The unique experiences and adaptation problems of refugee resettlement will be examined, with particular attention to Third World refugees in Canada.

AP/SOCI 4440 6.00 Racialization and the Law
This course critically examines the relationship between law and social inequality, treating law and justice as contradictory. The focus is on the place of law in forming racialized groups, but also deals with gender, sexual orientation, class and age stratification.

AP/SOCI 4450 6.00 Women in Development
The course explores the theme of women in development in its different meanings. The issue of development is analyzed in terms of global economy, national states, popular movements and discourse with emphasis on women, gender and class analysis and feminist politics.

AP/SOCI 4465 3.00 Animal-Human Relations
Focuses on the role of non-human animals in society. Explores the following question: What happens to our understandings of what it is to be "human," and of how "society" is organized when we begin to take animals seriously? Course topics may include: animals in science, human-pet interaction, animal rights, animals and popular culture and industrial food production.

AP/SOCI 4470 3.00 Bodies, Genders and Sexualities
This course considers a variety of theories concerning the relation between sex, sexuality and gender identity. Theories to be covered are those of Freud, Michel Foucault on the history of sexuality, and those of a number of psychoanalytic feminist theorists.

AP/SOCI 4480 3.00 Social Regulation in Canada
This course examines how social regulation is produced through state activity and civil society. Utilizing historical sociology and contemporary theory, it explores processes of state formation, socio-legal development, moral regulation, normalization, and social reform/social movement activism.

AP/SOCI 4490 3.00 Studies in Sexual Regulation
Sexual regulation is produced through soci-legal relations, truth regimes, and normalizing discourses. The effects of sexual regulation extend throughout social processes. This course examines how sexual regulation is constituted through state activity, the production of expert knowledge, the activities of social movements, and transnational politics.

AP/SOCI 4500 6.00 Social Theory, Culture and Politics
Introduction to major writings in social theory, and to connections between social theory, cultural expression and politics. Both classical and contemporary works are discussed. Prerequisites: 78 credits including AK/SOCI 2410 6.00; or permission of the coordinator of the School of Social Science for students with the equivalents.

AP/SOCI 4510 6.00 Popular Culture and Social Practice in Canada
This course examines different forms of popular culture and how they inform personal politics, consumption, and common-sense ideas about the world. We explore the development and social significance of popular culture in Canada. Representations of race, class, gender, and sexuality are analyzed to critically situate the role of popular culture in perpetuating social inequality. We survey advertising, activism, television, social media, music, film and leisure customs as cultural industries that influence and are sometimes resisted in everyday social practices.

AP/SOCI 4520 6.0 Sociology of the Middle East and North African Societies

This course examines major sociological issues in the Middle East and North Africa.  It privileges comparative analysis framework to allow students to develop an informed and multilayered knowledge of the region.  It discusses these issues by adopting a three-pronged approach-a study of its historical, sociological and cultural aspects - while emphasizing the way by which they produce their "alternative modernity".

AP/SOCI 4610 6.00 Women, the Welfare State and Social Policy
This course uses gender analysis to examine the ideologies and practices underlying social-welfare policies. Concepts, theories and debates that have informed scholarly discourse and research on the relations between women and the state are critically reviewed.

AP/SOCI 4615 6.00 Feminist Theories and Methodologies
This course provides a critical analysis of varieties of feminist theories and methodologies as they have been derived from women's examination of social relations and practices. Theories arise from and organize perspectives of the world that generate and legitimate particular understandings. In questioning the process of theorizing, issues of difference in race, class, able-bodied and sexual orientation will be examined.

AP/SOCI 4620 6.00 Work and Workers in a Globalized Economy
This course examines changes in the labour process and the relationship between labour and management. We study labour segmentation, marginalization, techniques of control, the impact of new technologies on the labour process, and unions' responses to workplace and economic change.

AP/SOCI 4630 6.00 Schools, Employment and Transitions:  Canadian and Global Perspectives
This course examines transitions through school and transitions from schooling to employment within a life course context and is organized around Canadian materials with comparisons made to other countries. Students are shown how to analyze issues using comparative methods.

AP/SOCI 4670 3.00 The Social Self
This course examines classical and contemporary sociological theories of self - the development of the self concept, its effects in interaction, and its stability or change over time. Implications of the self in relation to the wider society are explored.

AP/SOCI 4680 3.00 Women and Aging
This course examines the intersection of aging and gender. The course emphasizes a social psychological and feminist perspective and thus gives primary attention to the symbolic and social construction of aging.

AP/SOCI 4685 6.00 Feminist Perspectives on Families
This course focuses on four major theoretical feminist perspectives on families, gender and the state. Exploring issues such as regulation of sexuality, division of labour and income, violence, childcare, and reproduction of race and class.

AP/SOCI 4700 6.00 Green Theory, Culture & Capitalization
The course introduces a political ecology method which situates environmental problems in ecological and political economic contexts. Students use political ecology to analyze local and third world environmental controversies. The course assumes familiarity with social aspects of environmental studies.

AP/SOCI 4810 6.00 Women and the Criminal Justice System
This course analyzes theory and research on the incidence and treatment of child, adolescent and adult women who are offenders (e.g. theft, homicide), victims (e.g. sexual and physical assault), and professionals (e.g. police, judges) in the criminal justice system.

AP/SOCI 4820 6.00  Crime and Deviance                                                            

The formation of marginal or deviant communities in modern society, including such issues as underworld identities, networks and markets; legislative and judicial adaptation to current realities; unconventional lifestyles and their stability factors.

AP/SOCI 4830 3.00 Childhood and Violence
This course explores violence experienced by children and violence committed by children. The course explores the ways that children and adults learn, use and experience violence (physical and sexual) in societal settings such as schools, churches, television and war.

AP/SOCI 4840 3.00 Sociology of Policing
This course explores the institution of policing from an organizational, operational and legal perspective, including issues concerning police conduct and misconduct as a means of illuminating questions about the relationships between the public, the law, the media, social control agencies and social change.

AP/SOCI 4840 6.00 Advanced Issues in Policing
The formation of marginal or deviant communities in modern society, including such issues as underworld identities, networks and markets; legislative and judicial adaptation to current realities; unconventional lifestyles and their stability factors.

AP/SOCI 4850 3.00 Organized Crime
This course examines national and international organized crime issues and focuses on links between organized crime and the global economy; the relationship between organized crime and social/political environments; theoretical explanations and the evolution of commodities involved in diverse organized crime markets.

AP/SOCI 4910 6.00 The Sociology of Knowledge
An analysis of the role of ideas in the development of social institutions and the impact of society on belief systems. The social organization of knowledge will be examined with reference to selected institutional areas such as science, politics, education, religion, the arts and the professions.

AP/SOCI 4930 6.00 Sociology of Science and Technology
This course focuses on the role of science and technology in social life, especially examining the contributions of human agency to creating and sustaining a social-cultural world that is infused with scientific knowledge and technological know-how.